A Risky Prospect The trouble is that uterine transplants are extremely complex and resource-intensive, requiring dozens of health personnel and careful coordination. Just over a dozen uterus transplants have been performed so far—with mixed results. But his monumental feats have had an unintended effect: Agnodike, the 'first midwife' who disguises herself as a man and then exposes herself to her potential patients, and Phaethousa, who grows a beard after her husband leaves her, are stories from the ancient world that resonated in the early modern period in particular. Giuliano Testa, a transplant surgeon at Baylor University Medical Center who will soon be directing uterine transplant surgeries among natal women, says the hormones would likely prove the biggest obstacle. The next natural step for those interested in assisting transgender or male patients, however, would likely be tackling this procedure among women with a rare condition called androgen insensitivity syndrome , he says. One day after the first U. A person with AIS appears largely female, but has no uterus and is genetically male. The study reveals how different genres used these stories, changing their characters and plots, but always invoking the authority of the classics in discussions of sexual identity. For individuals who are willing to take these extreme steps, reproductive specialists say such a breakthrough could be theoretically possible—just not easy. Boston Medical Center endocrinologist Joshua Safer says he, too, has fielded such requests among a small number of his transgender patients. But a major catch is the medical risk they face: Cecile Unger, a specialist in female pelvic medicine at Cleveland Clinic, says several of the roughly 40 male-to-female transgender patients she saw in the past year have asked her about uterine transplants. Clearly, the ethics of such donations would have to be studied extensively, Unger says. Such a future is hard to imagine, at least in the near term. Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud through a detailed exploration of the ways in which two classical stories of sexual difference were told, retold and remade from the mid-sixteenth to the nineteenth century. With each patient, the subsequent conversations were an exercise in tamping down expectations.