Could that have been a scam as well? Scams targeting prospective adoptive parents are not uncommon, and agencies do have some safeguards in place to detect them. The lack of legal protections are often to blame. Prior to the study's beginning, Regnerus arranged for academic sociological and demographic peers from five different leading American universities to review his methodology to catch any blind spots or oversights it might contain. Just as these families have appeared front and center in the opening credits of the American sitcom, so too have they shouldered themselves front and center in the group photo of the real life American family. As well as a good obstetrician, she and her wife of three years would be needing a lawyer. Sixty-one percent of children raised in lesbian households reported being solely heterosexual, compared to 71 percent of those raised by gay fathers and 90 percent of those raised by their married biological parents. She totally didn't focus on the biology or anything, she just knew we were both her dads, equally, and our boys still haven't asked; they just see us as both their dads. In the major world cities, the debate has moved on and what's left, as in most late-stage equality movements, is a residue of discrimination that is difficult to counter for its un-headline-grabbing subtlety. When people ask Solomon how many children he has, he takes a moment to answer. We see them strolling through our neighborhoods, participating in our PTA meetings, and, perhaps most notably, appearing on our TV screens: The narrowing opportunity has already been effectively cut off for the gay community. Commercial surrogacy is illegal in the UK, forcing many childless couples to seek help abroad. When they return, the British government is reluctant to endorse an arrangement that undermines public policy. That's the worst nightmare of international surrogacy. Dawn Davenport, executive director of Creating a Family, a nonprofit education and advocacy organization, advises against a gay or lesbian couple trying an out-of-country arrangement. Perhaps as a by-product of the discrimination they sometimes face, children of gay parents tend to be more sensitive to others and to the positive and negative feelings in themselves.