These laws also protect individuals who are not physically or mentally able or competent to give consent to sexual activity. In the United States, the United Kingdom , and other countries, a convicted sex offender is often required to register with the respective jurisdiction's sex offender registry. For male sex offenders with severe or extreme paraphilias, physical castration appears to be effective. Among child molesters released from prison in , 60 percent had been in prison for molesting a child 13 years old or younger. Sodomy is defined similarly to rape, except that it involves deviate sexual conduct, as opposed to intercourse. How can I use a sex offender registry to keep my kids safe? Additionally, many offenders are prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or using drugs, alcohol, and other illegal substances. In addition, the federal sex offender registry allows a by-location search, which provides the names, addresses, and photographs of sex offenders living within the chosen distance from the address entered into the form. Felony — A criminal offense punishable by a year or more in jail. Some states such as Arkansas, Illinois, Washington and Idaho do not require sex offenders to move from their residences if a forbidden facility is built or a law is enacted after the offender takes up residency. A registered sex offender is defined as a person who exhibits characteristics showing a tendency to victimize or injure others and has been convicted of a sex crime listed in the relevant state statutes, has been convicted of attempting to commit one of those crimes, or has been found guilty except for insanity of one of those crimes. A web-based registration list may be found on county websites, which identifies adult convicted sex offenders who are sexually-violent predators convicted of felony sexual acts, crimes of violence or failure to register as required. One of the ways to be proactive about safety is by staying informed of who is living and working in your neighborhood. Those on parole or probation may be subject to restrictions not applicable to other parolees or probationers. Penalties for Sex Offenders Penalties for sex offenders vary greatly depending on many factors, but the majority of sex crimes are considered felonies.