With the rise of modern medical science in Western societies, a secrecy-based model was also adopted, in the belief that this was necessary to ensure "normal" physical and psychosocial development. However, the implementation, codification, and enforcement of intersex human rights in national legal systems remains slow. Emphasize that all of these conditions are biologically understandable while they are statistically uncommon. Medical interventions to modify the sex characteristics of intersex people, without the consent of the intersex person have taken place in all countries where the human rights of intersex people have been studied. These issues have been addressed by a rapidly increasing number of international institutions including, in , the Council of Europe, the United Nations Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the World Health Organization. Some later shifts in terminology have reflected advances in genetics, while other shifts are suggested to be due to pejorative associations. In some cases, intersex traits are visible at birth while in others, they are not apparent until puberty. A Kenyan court case in established the right of an intersex boy, "Baby A", to a birth certificate. People whose characteristics are not either all typically male or all typically female at birth are intersex. Television works about intersex and films about intersex are scarce. Mothers in east Africa may be accused of witchcraft, and the birth of an intersex child may be described as a curse. Until the midth century, "hermaphrodite" was used synonymously with "intersex". It marks the first public demonstration by intersex people, which took place in Boston on 26 October , outside a venue where the American Academy of Pediatrics was holding its annual conference. Intersex civil society organizations Intersex peer support and advocacy organizations have existed since at least , with the establishment of the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia in Hermaphrodite A hermaphrodite is an organism that has both male and female reproductive organs. Discrimination against intersex people Inclusion in equal treatment and hate crime law. Intersex human rights Facilitating access to justice and reparations.